E-cigarettes: experts advise against self-mixed liquids

E-cigarettes: experts advise against self-mixed liquids

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Federal Institute: E-liquids should not be mixed yourself

Especially since several deaths from e-cigarettes became known in the USA, experts repeatedly warn against electronic vaporizers and point out that the health risks are underestimated. We particularly advise against mixing e-liquids yourself.

After severe lung diseases and multiple deaths in the USA from "steamers" occurred in the USA, the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) now points out in a message that "steamers" should refrain from using the mixture for their electronic (E -) Make cigarettes yourself. This is especially true when consumers do not have sufficient knowledge and experience. With self-mixing, for example, there is a risk that mineral and vegetable oils are used. However, oils should never be contained in liquids, they can lead to severe respiratory diseases when inhaled. E-cigarettes and mixtures (e-liquids) of unclear origin and composition are also not advisable.

Less harmful to health than conventional tobacco products

"According to the current state of knowledge, consumers of e-cigarettes in Germany do not face any increased risks if they use products that comply with European and German regulations," explains BfR President Professor Dr. Dr. Andreas Hensel. "Nevertheless, vapers should pay attention to symptoms such as difficulty breathing or chest pain, especially after a product change."

As the institute explains, a liquid (usually nicotine-containing) is heated in the e-cigarette so that it can be vaporized and inhaled. According to current knowledge, e-cigarettes are less hazardous to health than conventional tobacco products when used as intended. Insufficiently examined ingredients, impurities or new liquid and vaporizer products can increase the health risks. In addition, large amounts of steam reach the lungs of powerful “sub-ohm” models. The effects are still largely unexplored.

Nicotine-free liquids can also be problematic. Since they are not subject to tobacco law, they do not have to comply with tobacco regulations, such as the bans on the use of ingredients that are harmful to health and the applicable reporting requirements. Self-mixed e-liquids are often the cause of reports or inquiries to the poison information centers.

Numerous serious lung diseases

In the United States, numerous serious lung diseases with shortness of breath, cough and chest pain were reported within a short period of time. Symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, but also deaths have been reported. According to a study published in the journal “New England Journal of Medicine”, the affected vapers are on average 19 years old. According to the information, they predominantly used cannabis products that did not come from regular trade. Which substance or which factors triggered the lung disease is still unclear.

From the BfR's point of view, the fact that the problems occurred within a short period of time and particularly affected young people suggests that the problem is rather limited. According to the experts, a detailed explanation of the causes of what is happening in the USA is necessary in order to be able to make further recommendations. (ad)

Author and source information

This text corresponds to the requirements of the medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical doctors.

Video: E-cigarettes and Lung Health. UCLA Health (August 2022).